Tutkimus ja kehittäminen hero englanti

Research and development

The Police University College (Polamk) is Finland's only higher education institution specializing in police research. We engage in applied research and development, serving the planning and development of policing and internal security. The data produced is also used for education at the Police University College.

This section introduces you to our Research, Development and Innovation (RDI) activities.

The covers of Police University College research publications in close-up.

Tutkimus ja kehittäminen uutisotsikko englanti

News

Asset Publisher

null Clear upturn in the number of suspected hate crimes

Clear upturn in the number of suspected hate crimes

Publication date 13.10.2022 10.00
News item

According to the annual report by the Police University College, the number of suspected hate crimes reported to the police in 2021 was one fifth higher than in the previous year.

The annual report on hate crime reported to the police in 2021 indicates that a total of 1,026 reports of offences classified as suspected hate crimes were filed last year. The number of these crime reports increased for the first time since 2017. 

The study by the Police University College classified suspected hate crimes on the basis of the various motives for the act. As in previous years, most of the reports of hate crime in 2021 involved elements targeted at the victim’s ethnic or national origin. The total number of these reports recorded by the police was 706, slightly more than a year before. As before, the most common type of crime in these cases was assault. 

In 14 per cent of the crime reports relating to ethnic or national origin, the injured party was a person of Roma origin. This was 13 per cent more than in 2020. In these reports, too, the most common type of crime was assault. Of persons residing in Finland, whose nationality was other than Finnish, Somali citizens fell victim to suspected hate crimes most often in relative terms.

The number of hate crime reports relating to religion or belief totalled 133, and the number of these reports also increased year-on-year. One third of these cases were illegal threats, and Muslims were targeted in most cases.

A total of 126 crime reports in which the suspected motive was sexual orientation, gender identity or expression of gender were submitted to the police. This was 85 per cent more than in 2020. About one third of these suspected offences were cases of defamation.

Of the motives of suspected hate crime, the number of reports relating to the victim’s disability increased most, doubling in comparison with 2020. The number of these reports totalled 61 and almost one half of the suspected offences involved were cases of defamation.

Defamation the most common type of offence for the first time

In 2021, the hate crime reports included 1,390 main offences. Taking into account all motives for hate, defamation emerged as the most common type of offence for the first time. The total number of these cases was 414. Previously, assault has been the most common type of crime in reports of hate crime submitted to the police. The number of other types of verbal insults, threats and cases of harassment was still high, as more than half of all reported cases included these.

The number of suspected offences of ethnic agitation, however, continued to decline. The number of reports filed with the police totalled 41, whereas in the previous year, this figure was 71. 

The number of suspected hate crimes has been monitored to its current extent by the Police University College since 2008. The statistics on hate crimes are based on crime reports retrieved from the National Police Information System.

Crime reports including suspected hate crimes in 2016–2021

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Ethnic or national background 831 813 634 650 646 706
Religion or belief 149 235 155 133 108 133
Sexual orientation, gender identity or expression of gender 57 60 73 72 68 126
Disability 42 57 48 44 30 61
Total 1 079 1 165 910 899 852 1 026
Police University College Poliisin toiminta ja kehittäminen Research and development operations Rikokset ja tutkinta Tampere

TKI-linjaukset banneri englanti